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GMAT阅读模拟试题考前练习14

最新博彩娱乐网站大全精选18-06-13 16:18:24来源:GMAT考试网分享
导读:备考GMAT考试的考生们,大家都知道这个考试还是比较有难度的,需要考生有非常好的逻辑思维。想要得到高分,平时的练习也是少不了的!下面小编给大家推荐一些于都模拟题,希望大家认真做题,考出好成绩!

>>GMAT模拟题练习:GMAT阅读模拟试题考前练习14

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In terrestrial environments, gravity places special demands on the cardiovascular systems of animals. Gravitational pressure can cause blood to pool in the lower regions of the body, making it difficult to circulate blood to critical organs such as the brain. Terrestrial snakes, in particular, exhibit adaptations that aid in circulating blood against the force of gravity.

The problem confronting terrestrial snakes is best illustrated by what happens to sea snakes when removed from their supportive medium. Because the vertical pressure gradients within the blood vessels are counteracted by similar pressure gradients in the surrounding water, the distribution of blood throughout the body of sea snakes remains about the same regardless of their orientation in space, provided they remain in the ocean. When removed from the water and tilted at various angles with the head up, however, blood pressure at their midpoint drops significantly, and at brain level falls to zero. That many terrestrial snakes in similar spatial orientations do not experience this kind of circulatory failure suggests that certain adaptations enable them to regulate blood pressure more effectively in those orientations.

One such adaptation is the closer proximity of the terrestrial snake’s heart to its head, which helps to ensure circulation to the brain, regardless of the snake’s orientation in space. The heart of sea snakes can be located near the middle of the body, a position that minimizes the work entailed in circulating blood to both extremities. In arboreal snakes, however, which dwell in trees and often assume a vertical posture, the average distance from the heart to the head can be as little as 15 percent of overall body length. Such a location requires that blood circulated to the tail of the snake travel a greater distance back to the heart, a problem solved by another adaptation. When climbing, arboreal snakes often pause momentarily to wiggle their bodies, causing waves of muscle contraction that advance from the lower torso to the head. By compressing the veins and forcing blood forward, these contractions apparently improve the flow of venous blood returning to the heart.

1、The passage provides information in support of which of the following assertions?

A.The disadvantages of an adaptation to a particular feature of an environment often outweigh the advantages of such an adaptation.

B.An organism’s reaction to being placed in an environment to which it is not well adapted can sometimes illustrate the problems that have been solved by the adaptations of organisms indigenous to that environment.

C.The effectiveness of an organism’s adaptation to a particular feature of its environment can only be evaluated by examining the effectiveness with which organisms of other species have adapted to a similar feature of a different environment.

D.Organisms of the same species that inhabit strikingly different environments will often adapt in remarkably similar ways to the few features of those environments that are common.

E.Different species of organisms living in the same environment will seldom adapt to features of that environment in the same way.

正确答案:B

GMAT阅读题目解析

题目释义:

细节题目

考点:

应用(Application)

旨在考察我们对文章细节的深度认知,并达到可以应用总结的地步。

这个题目很难定位,即是要对于全文的细节做一个了解,然后选择。这道题的错误选项基本都是文章中没有提到的。

选项分析:

(A) 一个对特定环境特征的适应性的缺点远大于这个适应性的优点。文中没有提到过适应性的优缺点问题,这个选项属于无中生有。

(B) Correct。一个生物体在被放到一个不适应的环境时有时会说明那些被适应这个环境的适应性所解决的问题。这个选项可以定位在第二段中,水蛇被拿出水自然适应不了陆地的重力系统,但是与水蛇有相似特征的陆地蛇并没有死,这就说明了陆地蛇必然有适应性存在。并且这个适应性解决了这个重力的问题。与该选项的意思相符。

(C) 生物体对特定环境的独特特征的适应性的有效与否只能通过这个生物群体的其他物种适应的不同环境的同样特征的有效性来检验。在选择中,尽量避开文中没有明显提及的“极端”词汇。比如这个选项的“only”。另外,这个选项的内容在文中也没有明显涉及。

(D) 同种类的生物体居住在极为不同的环境中通常对这些环境的为数不多的相同点有着显著的相同的适应方法。文中没有提及这个选项的内容,无中生有。

(E) 不同物种的生命体在相同的环境下

上面的阅读试题大家都做完了吗,可不要白做,要更多的思考是为什么哦!想要找更多的GMAT模拟题就来坦途网GMAT考试频道吧,小编在这里为你加油啦!

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